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The Chosen People

BS”D

Michael Kay, at “Thinking through my fingers” (visit his blog, he is seriously an amazing writer and brilliant thinker), wrote a post where he reflected on the Jews as a “Chosen people.” I found it highly inspiring and felt the need to let it out on him, so I wrote the following as a response (which I also posted there):

Hi Michael

And thank you for a wonderful and inspiring post:o)

I have some reflections to share, I hope it is okay with you. Unfortunately I’m not at home, so I can’t give precise sources every time I will be using them, but I will get back to it, bli neder.

I really do love R. Sacks and his attempts to connect our modern way of thinking and Judaism. In that sense I believe that he follows the tradition of many other historical Jewish thinkers, though whether he is on the same level always can be discussed (I don’t believe that he is on the level of a thinker like haRaMBaM, Z”L, nor do I expect him or any other today to be).

I believe though that the answer is found in each of the three categories, though mostly in the two latter ones. But we do find examples on the Jewish nation being something exemplar to the other nations in some Jewish traditions, one place is the Babylonian Talmud, tractate ‘Avodah Zarah, where God more or less makes a fool out of the nations, leveling Israel above them. That is one of the few examples on this though, the more dominant approach being the Biblical approach in Deuteronomy 7:7-8, quoted by you, expressing that Israel “were the fewest of all peoples.” If number or greatness of a people would be the deciding factor, then Ishma’el would be more likely, as we see that God will bless him “and will make him fruitful, and will multiply him exceedingly; twelve princes shall he beget, and I will make him a great nation” (Genesis 17:20). In this respect is it also interesting to consider the midrash on the giving of the Torah, how God had to hold the mountain over the Israelites, threatening them by destruction, since the sole reason for their existence is Torah (something also repeated in the Quran).

The Jews are chosen, not to be superior, at least not in might, that one seemed to go more to Ishma’el and ‘Esaw, but to be a light to the nations, and as a student of the Torah. You mention that “there is the problem of the Jew who abandons their responsibility and assimilates into the surrounding culture,” and that is – I believe – also reflected in the Torah, in the story of Dathan and Aviram, refusing to “go up” to Moses, and instead were swallowed by the earth. I read in this the consequence of assimilating, refusing to “go up to Moses,” that is, staying “loyal to the Torah.”

Our role as a “light unto the nations,” is not fulfilled by being perfect observant, but by spreading (Jewish) values to the world, not by hiding in a ghetto, but by taking part in the world, while still staying true to the Torah. By relating to our brit with God do we show God’s intentions for all of us, that is, not necessarily by not eating milk and meat together, nor by not mixing materials in our clothes, wearing tzitzit (that us more for our own sake) and so on, that is mostly in order that the world may realize that we are Jews, and by that seeing our – hopefully – examples as related to God. And then there are some of our commandments which carry in them a deep ethical understanding, where the sole fulfilling of the commandment is giving a light, such as the already mentioned not eating meat and milk together. Think on Rashbam’s commentary to the verses dealing with not cooking the kid in its mother’s milk, and how he points out that it is deeply unethical to kill something and then enjoying it with its life source. The giving of tzedaqah, as contrasted to charity, is showing that caring for those in worse situations than ours is a plight, a duty, not something we are doing to feel good about ourselves. And so on. And the more we interfere with the world and get out there, the stronger this will stand. It is obvious that by hiding in the ghetto we, first and foremost, won’t experience much challenge (just doing what everybody else is doing), and, secondly, we are actually being “lights for the world,” not merely “lights.”

And it certainly speaks miles about God, that He would want to choose the Jews as His people. History have shown again and again that we have failed. Even today we find it hard to show our gratitude to finally having a country of our own (as well as others also, we shouldn’t forget that), but yet He stayed loyal through it all, even when we – in general – did not. Sure, He punishes, but more than that does He forgive, care, and love.

I think that we should have a double understanding of the choseness, not only talking about a chosen people, but also of chosen individuals. Abraham, more than anyone, allowed him to act in pure trust, going against the ways of his people. Abraham, though bringing a household with him, acted as an individual, for that he was rewarded, but he also became the example for each and every one of us.

Finally, I think that much of the bad reactions we get from Christians and Muslims, when they react to us being “chosen,” is projections. Both Christianity and Islam work with an understanding of choseness themselves, such as only having Christians being saved, as well as the Islamic Ummah being the perfect Ummah. They transfer understandings of these concept to how they believe Jews view the idea of being “chosen.” And maybe, probably, many Jews actually are viewing the notion of being Jewish and “chosen” the same way. But all in all that is something that is far from the Jewish thought (and not the thoughts of Jews).

Again, thanks for an inspiring post:o)

All the best


4 Comments

  1. Heshke says:

    His article is fascinating. Thanks for sharing it.

    My thoughts? Well, from the Islaamic perspective – We accept the Torah as a Divinely revealed Book to Musa (as) from G-d. We accept the Injeel (Gospel) revealed to the Prophet Isa (as – Jesus) as also being a Divinely revealed Book of G-d. We also claim Ibrahim (as), Daud (as), Yacub (as), etc., as our prophets. We see the “Children of Israel” i.e., the “Bani Israel” as the same people as us, just different tribes. So, all the same to us, in a very general sense. That being said, “chosen” for what? The Bani Israeli were “chosen” for two things: monotheism and the recepients of the Torah. Just like the Bani Israeli were “chosen” to be recepients of the Injeel, but as you know, it was rejected by them. G-d showed His Mercy by sending two prophets specifically to them with Divine Revelation. One was not followed very well by the people, and the second one rejected. The final Revelation, as we see it, is the Qur’an send by G-d to the Prophet Muhammad (saw), not to a “chosen” people but to all of mankind. So, we monotheist folks were all “chosen,” not just the Bani Israel. In G-d’s infinite Mercy, his finally offered His grace to ALL of mankind. Oh, just think how we’ll feel when we go to Heaven (Insha Allaah) and find that there are different groups of folks there, lol. Will we look at each other and think, “Oh, what are YOU doing here? I thought WE were the chosen ones.” lol.

    Secondly, if the values and behavior of the Zionists today, especially in the land now called Israel, is a shining example of the “best of nations,” man, we are in trouble.

    I think the Israeli situation is the best example of Jews thinking they are special and chosen and that the land is ONLY for them.

    G-d’s covenant is with all of us who say and believe “la illaha illallah” and “shema Yisroel, Adonai Elohenu Adonai Echod.” (sorry for the horrible transliteration )

  2. Michael Kay says:

    Hi, thanks so much for this, it’s a great honour to be featured in such a way on your blog! I’m sorry it’s taken so long to get back to you and to say thanks, I’ve been very busy recently, but will take the time to respond in full to your interesting and thought provoking comments as soon as I can.

    Just briefly to Heshke, though, no Jews would be surprised by the presence of non-Jews in Heaven, as I say in the article, Judaism does not believe that being Jewish is a prerequisite for being a good person or having a good afterlife. We also accept Islam as being a daughter-monotheism, if that makes sense. Hope you enjoyed the article, thanks for reading!

    • Heshke says:

      Yes, it does make sense, Michael. Islaam also considers Judaism as a monotheistic religion. Our men can marry Jewish women, and Jews are considered People of the Book. The food of the Jews is also halal for us.

      • qolyehudi says:

        Heshke, Salâm

        I’m terrible sorry that I still haven’t answered you here:o(. I hope I can give a response before Shabbat, inshallah, if not then after Shabbat.

        All the best.

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